Joshua Colvin

How to get all checked checkbox values using JavaScript

Published September 13, 2021

Retrieving the values from a collection of checkboxes is not as straightforward as you would expect. In this article, I will show you one way you can accomplish this.

Let’s say you have the HTML below and you want to retrieve the values of the checkboxes a user has selected.

<div class="filter">
  Filter by quarter:
      <input type="checkbox" value="1" name="q1" id="q1" />
      <label for="q1">Q1</label>
      <input type="checkbox" value="2" name="q2" id="q2" />
      <label for="q2">Q2</label>
      <input type="checkbox" value="3" name="q3" id="q3" />
      <label for="q3">Q3</label>
      <input type="checkbox" value="4" name="q4" id="q4" />
      <label for="q4">Q4</label>

We can use querySelectorAll and look for input elements with the type checkbox to get all checkboxes but we only want the checkboxes a user has selected. We can get the selected checkboxes by using the :checked pseudo class.


Since querySelectorAll returns an HTMLCollection will need to convert it to an array and map over that array to get the value of the checked checkboxes.

We will use event delegation to listen for checkbox changes. Event delegation enables us to add the event listener to a parent element (the ul) instead of each child element (input[type="checkbox"]). For more information on event delegation, I highly recommend David Walsh’s blog post “How JavaScript Event Delegation Works”

const ul = document.querySelector('ul')
let selected = [];

ul.addEventListener('change', event => {
  if ( === 'checkbox') {
    const checked = document.querySelectorAll('input[type="checkbox"]:checked')    selected = Array.from(checked).map(x => x.value)  }

Any time a checkbox is clicked, the selected array will be updated. If we select the first and last checkbox selected will contain ["1", "4"].

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Joshua Colvin is a UI Software Engineer specializing in building component libraries. He lives with his wife and two kids in Michigan.